A panorama, is a photograph with a minimum ratio of 2 to 1. Meaning, the longest edge, be it the vertical or horizontal, is twice a long as the narrow edge. This can be done in two different ways. A simple crop of an image is the easiest, but I much prefer the harder way. This involves taking a number of photographs and blending them together in post production latter, also known as "stitching". This method entails taking a photo, moving the camera slightly to the left or right, overlapping the image by at least 30%, and taking another photo, and so on. The images below are all stitched photographs, some containing 10 photos or more. By taking a number of photos and blending them together produces a very large file, and in turn enables the finished photograph to be printed larger than a sigle shot photogrpah would allow. For me it is great fun to take a series of shots, and then blend them together later. It is kind of like Christmas, you know you are going to get something, just have'nt seen it yet.